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Index – Abroad – Fighting has flared up, Putin has to watch out for another war & More Latest News Here

 

The two ex-Soviet member states have not only been arguing for decades, but have also waged war twice over the disputed region. The first lasted six years between 1988 and 1994, the second, starting in 2020, for six weeks.

The dominant diplomatic force in the region is Russia, which stations two thousand peacekeepers in the region. Moscow also mediated in the last war, two years ago, which resulted in thousands of deaths.

“Thanks to the cooperation of the international community, an agreement was reached on the ceasefire”, this is how the secretary of the Armenian Security Council referred to Moscow this time. Armen Grigorian’s interview with Armenian television was also quoted by Russian news agencies.

True to the well-established traditions, both sides blame the other for the new clashes.

One hundred and five Armenian soldiers died this week – said Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pasinyan in the parliament. Azerbaijan reported fifty military casualties on the first day of fighting. The news agency Reuters, reporting from the scene, could not verify the data of either party.

The ceasefire is probably due to Russian diplomatic efforts – this is what a leading representative of the Russian upper house told the RIA news agency. Vladimir Putin spoke with Pashinyan, Grigory Karasin said.

After the outbreak of violence, the Russian president called on the opposing parties to calm down, and other countries to exercise restraint.

In his speech to the parliament, the Armenian Prime Minister admitted that his country turned to the Moscow-led Collective Security Treaty Organization to help restore its territorial integrity.

“If we say that Azerbaijan carried out aggression against Armenia, it means that they managed to exercise control over certain areas,” Pasinyan was quoted as saying by the Russian news agency TASSZ.

Nagorno-Karabakh: A part of Azerbaijan with an Armenian population

Armenia and Azerbaijan have been fighting for decades over Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountainous enclave that is administratively part of Azerbaijan, while the majority of its population is Armenian.

Fighting first broke out towards the end of Soviet rule. Armenian forces took control of large areas in and around the area in the early 1990s. In the Soviet Union in the 1980s, the tension in the state-forming republics increased.

Nagorno-Karabakh voted to become part of Armenia. This triggered the war, which ended with a ceasefire in 1994.

Since then, Nagorno-Karabakh has been under the authority of Azerbaijan, but is controlled by separatist Armenians supported by the Armenian government. Negotiations mediated by international powers did not lead to a peace agreement.

The situation is complicated by the fact that the majority of the population of Armenia is Christian, while the majority of the population in Azerbaijan is Muslim. Turkey maintains close relations with Azerbaijan, while Russia is an ally of Armenia, while also having ties to Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan, with the support of Turkey, recaptured most of the disputed territories in six weeks in 2020. Clashes have been breaking out regularly since then, even though there have been comprehensive meetings between Nikol Pashinyan and Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev aimed at concluding a peaceful settlement. Due to the defeat the year before last, a domestic political crisis developed in Armenia, where mass demonstrations repeatedly demanded the dismissal of the prime minister.

Pasinjan denied that he had made an agreement with Baku. He described the news as “informational sabotage directed by unfriendly forces” in a post on his social media page.

Threat of war

A full-scale conflict between the two opposing countries would risk the involvement of Russia and Turkey, and would also destabilize an important corridor of oil and gas pipelines – just as the war in Ukraine disrupts the energy supply.

The clashes could even escalate into a war – warned the Armenian Deputy Foreign Minister.

In this case, it would be a second major armed conflict on the territory of the former Soviet Union, as Russia’s military focuses on Ukraine.

Azerbaijan has accused Armenia, which has a military alliance with Moscow and is home to a Russian military base, of firing on Azeri units. Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Jeyhun Bayramov met with Philip Reeker, the US State Department’s adviser on the Caucasus, and told him that Armenia should withdraw from the territory of his country, it was reported from Baku.

Russia is either “stirring up the stagnant water” or using its influence to help “calm the waves”, American Foreign Minister Antony Blinken assessed the situation.

French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna, who spoke to her Azeri and Armenian colleagues on the phone, demanded the “end of attacks” against Armenian territory.

(Cover photo: Azerbaijani soldiers in Tartar on April 6, 2016. Photo: Resul Rehimov/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

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