Nigeria seeks $500 million loan from World Bank for “rural roads” 

The Federal Government of Nigeria is pursuing a $500 million loan from the World Bank aimed at the development of rural roads and agricultural marketing. 

According to a final draft of the Resettlement Policy Framework for the Nigeria Rural Access and Agricultural Marketing Project Scale-Up (RAAMP-SU) by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, this fund is expected to address the dire need for better connectivity in rural Nigeria, where 92 million people currently lack access to good roads. 

The policy document noted: Nigeria’s road network is relatively extensive, encompassing approximately 194,000 kilometres of roads. This includes 34,000 kilometres of federal roads, 30,000 kilometres of state roads, and 130,000 kilometres of registered rural roads. The road density equates to about 0.21 kilometres of roads per square kilometre. 

Despite this relatively high road density, the rural accessibility index for Nigeria (defined as the proportion of the rural population residing within 2 kilometres of an all-weather road) stands at a mere 25.5 per cent, resulting in approximately 92 million rural inhabitants lacking connectivity. 

Rural access is particularly restricted in areas densely populated by the economically disadvantaged. These factors underscore the imperative to expand and enhance the rural road network, as well as conserve rural road and transport assets. 

World Bank to provide 83.33% of total project cost 

The total cost of the RAAMP-SU project is estimated at $600 million, with the World Bank expected to provide 83.33% of the required funding. 

The commitment amount is 79% higher than the initial World Bank commitment amount of $280 million for the parent project. 

The project will finance three key components, which are Improvement of Resilient Rural Access ($387 million), Climate Resilient Asset Management ($158 million), and Institutional Strengthening and Project Management ($55 million). 

State governments required to establish road funds, agency 

According to the policy document, states willing to participate in the project are required to have a fully functional Roads Fund and Roads Agency with appointed boards and staff, and provisions for administrative costs in the state budget. 

The document added “While the eligibility for state participation under RAAMP required the drafting and placement of Road Fund and Roads Agency bills in the State house of assemblies, the new project would require the States to have a fully functional Roads Fund and Roads Agency with appointed boards and staff, and provision for administrative costs made in the state budget. In addition, RARAs offer an opportunity to foster women’s representation in the transport sector. 

The RAAMP-SU’s funds will be allocated on a competitive basis between states factoring in: (a) a refined socioeconomic selection matrix to increase rural access to basic services and promote food security; (b) activities readiness in terms of design; and (c) state’s demonstrated commitment in the projected infrastructure efficient maintenance, including potential co-financing from their own resources. 

Compensation for Project-Affected Persons 

The policy framework stipulates that the implementation of resettlement and compensation plans is a prerequisite for project activities that cause resettlement. 

Compensation and other assistance are expected to be provided prior to displacement, ensuring that necessary measures for resettlement and compensation are in place before any land acquisition or restriction of access. 

What you should know 

  • The RAAMP-SU project aims to improve rural access and climate resilience, thereby boosting agricultural potential and marketing prospects for agrarian communities. This, in turn, will contribute to better livelihoods for the rural populace. 
  • The project’s objectives include improving rural access and climate resilience of communities in served rural areas, strengthening institutional capacity for rural road network management, and fortifying the financial and institutional foundations for sustainable management of both rural and state road networks. 
  • The RAAMP-SU initiative is an extension of the earlier Rural Access and Agricultural Marketing Project (RAAMP), supported by the World Bank and the French Development Agency (AFD). The project is led by the Federal Department of Rural Development (FDRD) within the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD), with oversight by the Federal Project Management Unit (FPMU). 
  • Nairametrics earlier reported that the loan project has an estimated board approval date of November 28, 2024.  


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